9 Mins Read  June 20, 2019  sagar tambe

Data & Cloud Infrastructure – Building Blocks for Healthcare Transformation

A data infrastructure refers to a digital-based infrastructure for the promotion and launching of data sharing and consumption. It is a well-designed structure that is necessary for operating and managing other infrastructure. It is also considered as an essential component for the proper functioning of a healthcare organization that provides necessary services and facilities to a social care development as well. The infrastructure necessarily focuses upon the data of healthcare organizations. It is considered as one of the initial building blocks for healthcare transformation in the particular sector.

On the other hand, cloud infrastructure rather refers to the integrated hardware and software components of the cloud base which helps in justifying and supporting the computational and calculative requirements of a cloud computing model, such as; servers, storage resources, network, virtual software, server hardware, and networking gear, etc. This is mainly accessed via a network or through the mode of the internet. Cloud infrastructure helps to deliver certain services or demands which are on demand through the assistance of the model infrastructure as a service (IaaS). It is defined as a basic cloud computational delivery model. The cloud infrastructural applications are accessed remotely using certain distinct networking services like wide area networks (WANs), telecom services, etc. It is built by the specified cloud service providers (CSPs) or by general service producers in necessary times.

Stages of Data Infrastructure and Components of Cloud Infrastructure

Over the past decades, it has been found by the healthcare organizations that data infrastructure is an extremely cryptic and complex ecosystem where the tools overlap each other in order to solve the problems, which they claim are possible to address smoothly. Throughout a period of consecutive findings and earned experience the healthcare organizations have been able to declare the stages concerning a proper data infrastructure creation.

Mapping and coordinating the specific set of technologies can seem like an intimidating task for the creators who are new in building an infrastructure for healthcare transformation. Amidst the below mention stages, only a little complexity has been introduced in the matter of scalability whereas the remaining part is simple, concise and clear.

Small Data Infrastructure

When the amount of data quantity is lesser than 5 terabyte you should plan to start a small scale data infrastructure model for healthcare transformation which will save you the operational hazards and systems maintaining. This stage concentrates on two basic things; 1) Keeping the data query-able in the standardized query language (SQL), 2) Selecting a business intelligence (BI) tool.

Standardized Query Language (SQL) 

Unlocking the data for the entire organization and making the SQL accessible in the healthcare sector enables them to become self-dependent analysts. The prolonged stretch of the engineering teams in critical situations can be released instantly. Everyone receives a free pass to the quality analyst team of your provided small data. If the primary data storage is a relation-oriented database like PostgreSQL or MySQL, then simply data provisional access and data reading replica will set up the desired for healthcare transformation. In other cases, the data is needed to be converted into SQL database. If the conductor is new to the data world the cloud ETL provider will extract, transform and load the data depending upon the existing internal infrastructure.

Many healthcare individuals want to build their own data pipeline at the very start, in order to successfully make a healthcare transformation the individual entity needs to keep it very simple and dump the excess updates periodically from the data storage so that the cloud doesn’t get jammed up. The data maintenance for beginner healthcare workers can be done in two ways; either they need to employ a cloud ETL service provider or dumping all of the seasonal data into a SQL query-able database will do the essentials.

Business Intelligence Tool 

Preferable business intelligence tools are quite important in understanding the data for progressing into the future application of data infrastructure. BI tools like Mode Analytics or Chartio are easily configurable and are able to create a dashboard for cloud computing models applied in healthcare sectors. These tools also strengthen the analytical process.

Medium Data Infrastructure to obtain application growth

When the healthcare sectors handle a medium dataset, data-storage gets automatically multiplied alongside a few third parties become the resource for gathering secondary data. Therefore to keep it all in line about the data infrastructure to obtain application growth few decorum are followed;

Workflow Management & Automation 

In this stage of data infrastructure, the very initial responsibility is inclusive of setting up a proper airflow to manage and maintain the pipelines for extracting, transforming and loading the healthcare data in this context for healthcare transformation. The designed airflow will enable to access the data in a regular interval exploring logical interdependency between the transformational works. The constructed infrastructure will cater to the essentialities of monitoring and altering the task problems and sudden failures. Although the data processing inside the infrastructure must be automatic to release the cloud traffic in the cloud computational model. There are still some deficiencies in the features to this date.

Constructing the ETL pipeline 

Along with the growth of the healthcare transformation towards reaching a middle-sized data, there is automatically a requirement of building more scalable infrastructure. Along with enabling the standardized query language compromising the access of other supporting jobs also becomes one of the main criteria to complete. There comes a conversion requirement to run the extract, transform and lead service scripts as a distributor job. Certain communities spark well and run quickly. There are also certain requirements when you have to ingest data from the relational database for conducting healthcare transformation.

After conducting all the essentials the ETL infrastructure will appear quite like a pipelined stage only leaves with three duties and responsibilities on hand which are; extracting the data from sources, transcribing that data into acceptable and standard format which can be uploaded in the persisting storage and lastly to run it into a SQL queryable database to obtain the supreme healthcare transformation.

Data Warehouse 

At this stage, the individual focuses upon creating a real data warehouse. It requires building up a support nest where the complex data will be stored and managed completely without the existence of any servers to perform the healthcare transformation. BigQuery is a format mode that configures a server-less design, simplicity, auditing availability options and high-security protocols which are extremely supportable or complex data types.

Generally, the data warehouse can be adopted by a two-stage model; amongst which one concentrates on landing and placing the data directly in a set of tables those which are unprocessed. The second phase constitutes the post-processing of the data and filtering it sequentially and thoroughly into a clean table. The cleaner tables demonstrate a curated view of the healthcare sector for further amplifies application growth. `The table creation is inclusive of all the metrics and necessary dimensions which are frequently utilized to analyze the data intruder entities for maximizing the application of it. Geographic locations, geographic interests, and acquisition channels are contributed to the users’ table.

Big Data Infrastructure for Data growth

When the healthcare organizations face a massive data density then it is the appropriate time to think that the data is growing and it has increased in volume. Certain hardware and software system methodologies must be adapted to handle them. The optimum challenge comes in expanding the requirements along with maintaining the new raw scale. A/B testing, trained machine learning models or pipeline transformed data must be clustered and these phases must be internally justified, mapped and supported for proposed healthcare transformation. There are certain factors which must be considered at this stage;


In the latter part of this stage, you might be needing a near real-time infrastructure or a distributed line-up which definitely brings in many kinds of complexities and the inclination of the strategic mode failure sustainable in the realm of healthcare transformation. After the return on investment, the calculation is derived the technique can be adapted to receive an understanding of the annual data growth.


In cases of scalability when you are dealing with a single massive cluster surrounding your data and cloud, there is a high chance of running into resource contentment when no longer any new source can be added to benefit for healthcare transformation. Therefore noticing an overall view of the data and its elasticity spark clusters are better to be explored.

A/B Testing

While considering the A/B testing constructing a pipeline which will enlarge and accelerate the data tales and dataset in your data warehouse can be considered as the suitable medium rather than developing an in-house A/B testing which will necessitate constant support and experiment because the solutions are far too less for the data growth in here.

Auditing and Security

In this stage, the healthcare individuals propose to enact chondritic access to control and supervise your data warehouse. With the help of BigQuery you are able to be provisional with your dataset and data storage access which will programmatically manage the access with deployment. Specific audit logs are also available in this stage to make an understanding of the user demand and queries so that the dataset can experience the top form of its growth relational to healthcare transformation.

Machine Learning

In this section, the additional data pipeline can be constructed for extracting the feature and core specialties. For the proposed cloud computing models the whole process needs to be started again and then the refined features are difficult to be composed into one machine, thereby the proper training and functioning of the model becomes necessary in order to obtain a healthcare transformation.

Components of Cloud Infrastructure

Generally, the components of cloud infrastructure are usually subclassified into three segments which are considered as; Computing, Networking, and Storage. These resources are interdependent and work closely to obtain a better cloud service as well as the cloud computing model facilitating the healthcare transformation. However cloud infrastructure is not interpreted as a service which is comparatively less expensive but however, it is well manufactured, designed and supported by the ETL service providers rather than the traditional data center.


This segment of the cloud infrastructure deduces a computing authority and power to the cloud service and made possible by the provision of a pile of servers empowered by service chips. In necessary cases, the servers are combined together with the help of virtualization software and an automatic progression happens in healthcare sectors by dividing and channeling the computing power to cater to the needs of several service providers for substantial transformation.


Routers, cables, and switches are utilized to transfer data from the computing resources to the storage system and then finally to the real world for organizing healthcare transformation. The trademark protected database centers and white boxes run software-defined networking on the commodity servers which are hardware oriented.


In order to propagate a cloud infrastructure, the cloud service needs a vast amount of storage resources, which are generally separated and shared from the server racks in different stands. A combination of hard disks, flash storages, and flash drives are the basic requirements to execute a proper cloud service for healthcare transformation. The better perspective stays on the ground of storage systems as they have their personal networking gears and software to maintain high-performance connectivity for any commendable healthcare transformation.

Solutions of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Aside by managing the exponential growth in the dataset for propounding a healthcare transformation there are certain solutions regarding machine learning which can be innovated, those are respectively:

  1. In cases of machine learning the choice is essential as to whether complete it by the major ML platforms who will offer a full cloud computing system or the stand-alone vendors who will give you the providence of bidding more competitively for the healthcare sector transformation.
  2. Generally, in this particular case, the healthcare professionals may be wanting to implement the machine learning for healthcare transformation though there are other options.
  3. The healthcare sector must focus on those vendors who will be investing in research and development along with having a future direction to meet the healthcare transformational goals.

Alongshore, there are also some other innovative solutions for artificial intelligence curation withholding the exponential data growth, which are;

  1. Viable data science business strategies like; Ad-hoc analysis, Featured engineering, Hypothesis testing and model validation for healthcare transformation.
  2. Developing and enhancing the functionalities, correlation, classification, and clustering of the machine learning models for healthcare transformation.
  3. Deep learning services inclusive of; computer vision like face recognition, indexing, Econometric and analytics in time-series data, and anomaly detection for healthcare transformation.
  4. Robotic Process Automation
  5. Natural language processing and modeling.
  6. Model preparation, training, and testing.

Adoption of a mixture of cloud IaaS and PaaS offerings

The adaptation of a mixture of cloud IaaS and PaaS offering becomes necessary for the healthcare transformations due to a few reasons which are IaaS provides virtual computing resources via the internet and the cloud providers host infrastructure components inclusive of servers, storage, and network hardware. On the other hand by the mode of cloud PaaS offerings, the third party provider supplies the hardware and software tools for healthcare transformation.

Adoption of Hadoop distribution

Hadoop is generally comprised of data processing component and data storage which is known as Hadoop Distributed File System, as the data framework divides the files and transform into a large data block, further the aggregate bandwidth is distributed amongst the clients in a clump in healthcare sectors. The adoption of Hadoop distribution becomes necessary in the healthcare transformation as it is constantly evolving and it will be able to provide an additional valuation to the customers along with resolve consequences via the original code. The marketers provide stable technical support with custom configuration.

Adoption of Cloud Data Lake

There are certain reasons behind adopting cloud Data Lake for the healthcare transformation. It causes certain benefits in data and application growth which can be regarded as; 1) Dynamic processing 2) cost-efficient data storage and computation 3) Infrastructure legerity 4) Latest technologies 5) Abidance and regulation for data protection and privacy. 6) Geographical replica managing flexibility.

Cloud Deployment Security

In order to ensure security and protection in cloud deployment, which will incorporate a basic detailed construction in order to satisfy the accepted standards requirement there are a few factors upon which focused sight must be poured in order to adopt them for better healthcare transformation. Those are; 1) Cloud service subscription policies 2) Service provider’s security policies 3) Password policies 4) Browser security 5) Encryption for data security 6) Cloud provider architecture.

Prediction of Cost and intervention through Cloud

Clouds are an efficient medium for pattern recognition, computational learning, and programming which in order selects and extracts a certain part from the dataset. Afterward, through the machine learning models and managed resources, it helps to predict the cost and understand the care gaps for intervention in particular geographical areas for ameliorated healthcare transformation.


Therefore after conducting a thorough overview of the above-mentioned article, hereby it can be summarized and concluded that cloud and data infrastructure creation and processing passes through a series of modes and mediums for healthcare transformation, which requires innovative solutions for machine learning and artificial intelligence. IaaS, PaaS offerings, Hadoop distribution, cloud Data Lake all these cloud analytic platforms can be adapted to maximize the cloud data and application growth which will facilitate in the progression of healthcare transformation. Alongside, the cloud deployment protection and security is a greater concern which can assist in proper prediction models for advanced healthcare transformation.Must Reads:
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