Angular vs. React vs. Vue: A 2018 Comparison

2018-Javascript-Frameworks-Comparison-Angularjs-Reactjs-Vuejs

This is a challenging post to write, but we’re sure you must have faced problems dealing with JavaScript frameworks in the past and chances are, you must’ve been confused regarding which one to use. If you’re having trouble deciding between Angular, React or the new kid in the block, Vue, we’re here to help.

Let’s cut to the chase and compare the three below.

1. Developer’s View

Vue, being the dark horse of JavaScript Frameworks has been developed by a team of dozen developers while Angular and React been popularly used by giants like Facebook, Reddit, Airbnb, Netflix, and Google. Vue’s become a trending sensation since its release and has a small team of developers. Clean code and lesser over-engineered snippets are its highlights. According to a number of developers, Vue is a lightweight and flexible alternative to Angular JS.

According to an annual StackOverflow survey taken by 64,000 developers in January 2017, Angular JS was preferred by 52% developers while React was loved by a staggering 67% of the community. Vue was relatively unknown and is gaining awareness.

2. Coding And Performance

If you’re switching from SPA to Microservices, React, and Vue works like charms by using components of former applications. React comes integrated with Redux while Vue offers Vuex. Two-way data binding is provided by Angular where model states change according to UI elemental states. With React, data flow is one-directional only. Vue offers users both one-way and two-way data binding, with its one-way data binding mode being the default state.

Native-rendered apps for iOS and Android can be written in React, while Vue officially collaborates with Weex to author components written in JavaScript syntax which can be run on both web browsers and native apps! Developers will soon be getting NativeScript as another cross-platform option.

Regarding size, Angular has a bloated file size of 143k while Vue stands at 23k and React at 43k. Both React and Vue include a virtual DOM with Vue excelling in deep memory allocations, according to performance benchmarks. Regarding rendering speeds and performance tests, here’s a chart that lists performance benchmarks of all the three for more clarity.

Performance Comparison Between Angular, React, And Vue 

Source: Stefankrause.net

3. Backward Compatibility

Regarding Agileness, React wins the race with upgrades being flexible and providing developers an abundant ecosystem of renderers. Angular JS is a complete framework and relies on updates to previous versions and components while React offers excellent backward compatibility, allows its libraries to be paired with other packages, and even promises legacy migrations. Vue wins regarding mobility and modularity. Regarding Angular, long-term support versions are only available from Angular 4.

4. Learning Curve

For junior developers and collaboration between team members of enterprise projects, Vue was rated the simplest and easiest to understand for budding programmers. The learning curve is steep for Angular while React, and Vue’s provide faster development times and quicker debugging solutions. For inexperienced JavaScript developers who have primarily worked with jQuery previously, using Vue is a lifesaver as it resembles plain JavaScript with the introduction of existing ideas.

The Verdict

For those who love massive ecosystems and more flexibility, React is the way to go.

Angular uses TypeScript and is ideal for programmers with a solid Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) background who need detailed guidance and structure while Vue is relatively simple to pick up and integrate for a small team of core developers.

Liked this post? Share your thoughts by commenting below!

  • John Furr

    I just converted my wife’s django website (https://teaquinox.com/) to a Vue.js frontend. The reason I chose Vue is because Vue was trivial to integrate immediately onto production pages. I didn’t have to do anything but add a script tag and start working, AND this was supported by and recommended by the Vue community. No npm, no webpack, no babel, etc, etc.

    I fell in love with Vue almost right away.

    Flash forward a month later and the whole site is now converted to standard Vue single file components using npm, webpack, and bable to produce minified bundles, and yes jQuery has been totally remove now! 🙂 The code is cleaner and better organized into components. Page loads are dramatically faster with single minified bundles.

    The thing is I could easily switch to something like React or Angular now that I have learned all the build tools and such, but with Vue I was able to start immediately making changes to my wife’s website allowing me to focus on productive changes while only having to learn one new tool at a time. Once I saw Vue’s power I dove in deeper…and down the javascript rabbit hole I went.

    BTW I won’t comment one which framework is better when you start from scratch, but I am strongly opinionated about which of the three should be chosen if you want a seamless integration into an existing standard website. I spent a lot of time reading docs and looking at other angular and react projects before going with Vue. I have no regrets at all.

  • Diana

    I’ve reading this “Vue popularity is growing!” thing for about 3 years, and I’ve seen no change. The fact is that Vue is used only by a few Chinese companies (Vue’s author is Chinese) and a bunch of hipsters who develop small frontends. Angular and React are aimed at big projects: they can be trusted. Plus, the people who evangelize Vue remind me of those mormons who knock at my door saying “excuse me, do you have a minute to talk about our savior lord Vuejs?”. What do you do? You say “NO” and shut the door.

  • Dwight Spencer

    Only Angular (i.e. not Angular JS) is enterprise-ready, in sync for the coming ES8 Javascript, and preferred for high-traffic sites. And look at the performance numbers above: Angular 4 soundly beats React – and Angular 5 is the optimization release that is considerably even faster than version 4. And as is implied in The Verdict, React is great if you love making a “software stew”, while Angular is a heavy-duty do-everything performant tool for the experienced engineer.